Access to Electricity and Renewable Energy
Many people in more developed nations take the provision of basic necessities such as water, heating and electricity for granted. In reality these conveniences require a huge amount of infrastructure to run effectively and reliably. Many countries simply do not have access to the funds, expertise or political stability required to develop this infrastructure, depriving their citizens of the provision of these extremely helpful resources. For example, hundreds of millions of African women do not have reliable access to mains electricity. They rely on various sources of locally sourced energy to operate in their daily lives. Lights are hard to come by, relying on battery operated torches when the sun goes down. Electric stoves and ovens are non-existent, instead these women collect fuel and burn it in their homes, creating harmful fumes and vapours.
This is energy poverty and it affects many people all over the world. The cycle is hard to break out of without external help. People without a reliable energy source spend a large amount of the time in their days simply gathering resources to survive such as collecting firewood or clean water. As a result they cannot earn enough money to secure a more stable living situation and are simply forced to continue operating in the same fashion. Imagine how much harder it would be to live in your home without easy access to water or power! Nothing would ever get done!
1 in every 10 people has no electricity
At the current speed of development 670 million people worldwide will be without a reliable source of electricity by 2030, living in a similar situation to that described above. This causes a number of health, social and economic issues around the world and desperately needs a solution. For example 2 billion people still use solid fuels, burned in their houses to cook and heat their homes such as kerosine, animal waste and wood. The fumes and toxic gases released from this process result in an estimated 3.8 million premature deaths annually.